Ethnic group. The Adyghe, or Adygs, are a nationality of the northwest Caucasus region living principally in the Republic of Adygeya, where they represent 24 percent of the population, Kabardino-Balkariya, where they represent 55 percent of the population, and the Karachay-Cherkess Republic, where they represent 11 percent of the population. Worldwide, the Adyghe community— including the diaspora—is estimated at 2.9 million, with the largest community, known as the Muhajirs (Arabic: “refugees” or “emigrants”), living in Turkey.
   Sometimes called Circassians or Cherkessians, Adyghe are traditionally a warlike people whose values of bravery, dignity, and honor are affirmed through an orally transmitted code of rigid and complex customs and social norms called Adyghe Xabza. Adyghe are Sunni Muslims, but elements of pre-Islamic paganism persist among many communities. Adyghe speak languages from the Northwest Caucasian family, which includes Adyghe, Kabardian, Abkhaz, Abaza, and the recently extinct Ubykh.
   The republican social movement Adyghe Khase, established under glasnost, represents the premier nongovernmental organization intended to advance the interests of the Adyghe in the Russian Federation. While it promoted independence in the past, its current mission is to facilitate the “integration of the peoples of the North Caucasus, protection of their cultural-ethnic and socioeconomic rights and interests, and preservation of originality of the North Caucasian people.” However, recent studies show that support for separatism among Adyghe remains close to 50 percent.

Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation. . 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Adyghe — [ adɪgeɪ, ˌα:dɪ geɪ] (also Adygei) noun (plural same) 1》 a member of a mainly Sunni Muslim people of the NW Caucasus. 2》 the North Caucasian language of the Adyghe …   English new terms dictionary

  • Adyghe — noun A Northwest Caucasian language spoken in the Republic of Adygea, in the Russian Federation, also known as West Circassian. Syn: Adygean, Adygei, Adygeyan, West, Circ …   Wiktionary

  • Adyghe — ISO 639 3 Code : ady ISO 639 2/B Code : ady ISO 639 2/T Code : ady ISO 639 1 Code : Scope : Individual Language Type : Living …   Names of Languages ISO 639-3

  • adyghé, e —  adj. D un peuple du Caucase …   Le dictionnaire des mots absents des autres dictionnaires

  • Adyghe people — Adyghe Адыгэ Attéghéi Flag of Adygea Total population 3.7 million est. worldwide (including Circassian diaspora)[1] …   Wikipedia

  • Adyghe Autonomous Oblast — ( ru. Адыгейская автономная область) was an autonomous oblast within Krasnodar Krai, Soviet Union. It existed from 1922 to 1991.Cherkess (Adyghe) Autonomous Oblast was established within the Russian SFSR on July 27, 1922 on the territories of… …   Wikipedia

  • Adyghe language — language name=Adyghe nativename=адыгэбзэ adygabze , adəgăbză familycolor=Caucasian states=Russia, Turkey, Jordan, Syria, Israel, United States, Republic of Macedonia, Iraq region=Russia: Republic of Adygea speakers=500,000 fam1=Caucasian… …   Wikipedia

  • Adyghe Autonomous Oblast — noun Autonomous oblast of the Soviet Union in the Russian SFSR established on August 24, 1922 and existing until July 3, 1991, when it was elevated to the status of a republic and renamed Republic of Adygea …   Wiktionary

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